Application of ultrasonic waves in medical field

The medical applications of ultrasonics - IOPscienc

Ultrasonics - Medical applications Britannic

Application of Ultrasound in Medical and Industrial Fiel

An industrial ultrasonic knife: Ultrasonic waves are also used to weld metals together without solder and flux, by vibrations. While this does make welding easier, it is easy to destroy the metals in unskilled hands. One application of shock waves in medicine is to disintegrate kidney stones. They are also used in orthopedics and traumatology. Ultrasonography (sonography) uses multiple acoustic transducers to convey pulses of sound into a material. When a sound wave came across with a material with a different density, a part of the sound wave is reflected back to the probe and is sensed as an echo applications of infrasonic waves. Lying below the audible range of acoustic waves for humans, infrasound is a type of sound wave which has seen various degrees of success in a variety of applications such as soot cleaners and leakage detection and localization of pipelines. This paper explore Application of ultrasonic waves in engineering and industry Ultrasonic waves ind wide applications in engineering and industry as follows. 1. Non destructive testing (detection of flaws in metals Intense ultrasonic radiation has disraptive effect on liquids by causing bubbles to be formed. Applications of Ultrasonic Waves Ultrasonic waves are used for the following purposes

In the field of medicine, ultrasound imaging is widely used, from monitoring the development of an unborn baby to assessing a patient's heart function. But, doctors and researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have been channeling ultrasonic waves to actually treat major conditions and diseases, including movement disorders and cancer and expanding field covering a wide range of applications in the industrial, medical, and environmental sectors. Behind any application of ultrasound there is a funda-mental scientific basis and the corresponding technology for generation, propaga-tion, and detection of the ultrasonic waves, therefore the development of each specifi

The production and use of ultrasonic waves utilize electronic circuits. These are today being used for numerous applications in industry, communication systems and chemical and medical sciences. Testing of materials for flaw detection by ultrasonic waves is being widely used Ultrasound waves are used in many different fields. Ultrasonic devices are used to detect objects and measure distances. Ultrasound imaging or sonography is often used in medicine. In the nondestructive testing of products and structures, ultrasound is used to detect invisible flaws Ultrasonic waves have a wide range of applications in various fields e.g., engineering, medical, metallurgical, physical, chemical, etc. 2. SONAR is an acronym for Sound Navigation and Ranging. The principle of SONAR is based on the echo sounding technique of ultrasonic

ultrasonic waves used in medical field to examine a foetus or other internal organs. radio waves from communication satellites are reflected by the parabolic dish and focussed onto the antenna on the feed horn parabolic dish -reflective surface used to collect and project energy such as light, sound & radio waves The piezo electric crystals are resonated to produce Ultrasonic waves. These Ultrasonic waves are transmitted through the given specimen. These waves travel through the specimen and is reflected back by the other end. The reflected Ultrasonic are received by the transducer and is converted into electric signals Ultrasound is defined typically as anything at 20 kHz — which equates to 20,000 cycles per second — or higher. Medical applications of ultrasound are often at the scale of 10 MHz — 10,000,000 cycles per second — or even higher. To learn more about ultrasound, take a hearing test Diagnostic applications of ultrasound began through the collaboration of physicians and sonar (sound navigation ranging) engineers. In 1942, Karl Dussik, a neuropsychiatrist, and his brother, Friederich Dussik, a physicist, described ultrasound as a medical diagnostic tool to visualize neoplastic tissues in the brain and the cerebral ventricles Around 200 people work at the Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, with 60-70 of them within the ultrasound group. They are world leaders within their field of research

For clearing hard to reach places: Ultrasonic waves are also used for clearing hard to reach places, such as spiral tube, odd shaped machine parts / components, electronic components etc. The object to be cleaned is kept in the 'cleaning solution' and the solution is subjected to the ultrasonic waves Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.Ultrasound is not different from normal (audible) sound in its physical properties, except that humans cannot hear it. This limit varies from person to person and is approximately 20 kilohertz (20,000 hertz) in healthy young adults. Ultrasound devices operate with frequencies from 20 kHz up to.

The frequency of ultrasound waves is 20000 hertz. Animals have the natural ability to use it when emitted as a wave in communal and navigational perspective. However, humans use ultrasound as well but not without technical assistance and it is used in many industrial and medical purposes. Uses of Ultrasound In Daily Life 1. Field of Communicatio Ultrasonics, vibrations of frequencies greater than the upper limit of the audible range for humans—that is, greater than about 20 kilohertz.The term sonic is applied to ultrasound waves of very high amplitudes. Hypersound, sometimes called praetersound or microsound, is sound waves of frequencies greater than 10 13 hertz. At such high frequencies it is very difficult for a sound wave to. Medical ultrasonic transducers (probes) come in a variety of different shapes and sizes for use in making cross-sectional images of various parts of the body. The transducer may used in contact with the skin, as in fetal ultrasound imaging, or inserted into a body opening such as the rectum or vagina

Ultrasound - Definition & Applications Ultrasonography

  1. In medical ultrasound diagnostics are used short pulses of ultrasound, which contain a whole range of frequencies. Human tissues are not homogeneous in terms of the ultrasonic waves, and the passage of waves through the tissue leads to refraction, reflection, scattering and absorption of energy
  2. ing the presence or risk of heart disease, Ultrasonic waves are used to detect hydrocephaly (water on the brain), and the intracranial.
  3. Applications of Sound in Medicine. When ultrasonic waves are used in medicine for diagnostic purposes, high-frequency sound pulses are produced by a transmitter and directed into the body. As in sonar, reflections occur. They occur each time a pulse encounters a boundary between two tissues that have different densities or a boundary between a.
  4. imum frequency of ultrasonic waves used in medical applications are (1-10)mhz. It may also extend to 20 MHz in foetus ultrasound. What type of stains are cleaned by medical ultrasonic cleaners

Abstract. This paper introduces the reader to a review and analysis of various ultrasound (US) applications in the medical field. First, the transducer is shown, along with a diagram of the basic electronics that it uses to generate and receive signals that allow the reconstruction of images, for medical purposes Ultrasonic sensors are used around the world, indoors and outdoors in the harshest conditions, for a variety of applications. Our ultrasonic sensors , made with piezoelectric crystals, use high frequency sound waves to resonate a desired frequency and convert electric energy into acoustic energy, and vice versa There's another type of wave used by medical experts, it's called Ultrasound. This uses sound waves to look inside the body. The sound waves bounce off things like an echo in a cave. Different types of tissue, like fluid, bone or muscle, send back different sounding echoes which are translated into a moving image by a computer

What is an Ultrasound?

Biomedical ultrasound Inserm - From science to healt

• These waves r made to reflect from various parts of the heart to form the image. This technique is called Echo cardiography ( ECG ). • Ultrasound scanner is an instrument which uses ultrasonic waves for getting images of internal organs of the body. A doctor may image the patient's organs such as liver, gall bladder, uterus, kidney, etc Ultrasound is composed of mechanical sound waves that originate from molecular movements that oscillate in a propagation medium. The waves have a very high frequency, equal to approximately 20 kHz, are divided into two categories (i.e., low-intensity and high-intensity waves) and cannot be perceived by the human ear Ultrasound imaging uses high-frequency sound waves to view real-time tissue or organs inside the human body. It can also capture blood flowing through blood vessels. Recently, microbubbles (MBs) have been used in the medical field to enhance ultrasound imaging to monitor blood flow in tissue or organs Ultrasound imaging : foetus feet This is a 2D ultrasound scan through the foot of a foetus. You can see some of the bones of the foot. We can process the image in a computer to find the outline of the foot. This is called surface rendering . Here, the foot has been surface rendered

Applications of Waves In Medical Fields by Britney Skopi

Around 200 people work at the Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, with 60-70 of them within the ultrasound group. They are world leaders within their field of research Medical applications of electromagnetic fields. Henry C Lai 1 and Narendra P Singh 1. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 10, Electromagnetic Phenomena and Health - A Continuing Controversy? 10 September 2008, The Institute of Physics, London, UK Citation Henry C Lai and Narendra P Singh 2010 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ Ultrasonic waves are allowed to pass through the metal block and detectors are used to detect the transmitted waves. If there is even a small defect, the ultrasound gets reflected back and does not reach the detector. This is how the presence of a flaw or defect is detected. Medical application: 1. Echocardiography: In this technique. Ultrasonic transducers have been widely used in biomedical applications for imaging, therapeutics, cell separation, and mixing for decades. Bulk piezoelectric crystals and basic surface micromachined piezoelectric transducers were the sole type of transducer employed before the introduction of all-microelectromechanical systems (MEMS.

You can actually use sound to create images of the inside of the body. Wild! Created by David SantoPietro.Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/.. Sound Energy Uses in Medical Field: Sound waves are used when performing ultrasound treatment, which is mainly used to cure major cancers and tumors these ultrasound waves cures the tumor cells of the cancer patient without any feel of physical pain. Ultrasound tests are also used on pregnant women to detect many structural and functional.

Ultrasonic probe (Transducer) / NDK

Based on analogies between microwaves and ultrasonic waves common procedures for medical diagnostic imaging are summarized. Common problems as well as differences between microwaves and ultrasound are pointed out and resulting limitations with respect to this kind of application are discussed. Furthermore, activities in this field are reviewed, corresponding literature is presented ly medical field for the potential use of shock waves for problems. Shock waves subsequently have been used in orthopaedics and traumatology to treat various insertional tendinopathies (enthesiopathies) and delayed unions and nonunions of fracture. Shock wave application also has been used in the treatment of tendinopathies in veterinary conditions (race horses). The concept of orthopaedic. In the following sections, you will look at some examples of how waves are applied for use in medical and industrial applications. There are many applications for the use of waves in everyday life from preservatives to body diagnostics. Waves are used in many practical applications to support work, entertainment, and health Diagnostic ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic technique used to image inside the body. Ultrasound probes, called transducers, produce sound waves that have frequencies above the threshold of human hearing (above 20KHz), but most transducers in current use operate at much higher frequencies (in the megahertz (MHz) range) Ultrasonic waves have many incredible applications across a wide variety of industries, ranging from medical science to manufacturing. Not least among these is ultrasonic cleaning, which uses ultrasonic sound waves traveling through liquid to produce cavitation bubbles that clean more thoroughly than solvents and scrubbing alone

Propagation of ultrasound waves in tissue •Ultrasound imaging systems commonly operate at 3.5 MHz, which corresponds to a wavelength of 0.44 mm when c = 1540 m/s. Refraction •When a wave passes from one medium to another the frequency is constant, and since c changes then so must the wavelength!= c f since λ2 < λ1 we have c2 <c In fact, besides refractive index modulation, an ultrasound field can also cause particle displacements 42 and shear waves 45, which may be other sources of optical field perturbation inside the. Ultrasonics: Applications and Processes. Ultrasonication is a useful technology for many applications, such as homogenizing, disintegration, dispersing, sonochemistry, degassing or cleaning. Below, you will find typical ultrasonic applications and processes. Please click at the items of the following list for more information on each application

Ultrasound imaging uses sound waves to produce pictures of the inside of the body. It is used to help diagnose the causes of pain, swelling and infection in the body's internal organs and to examine a baby in pregnant women and the brain and hips in infants Ultrasound waves do not transmit well through dense bones or parts of the body that hold air or gas, however, such as the bowel. •Medical procedures: Ultrasounds can be used to help guide certain procedures. •Therapeutic applications: Ultrasounds can be used to detect and treat soft-tissue injuries. Types of Ultrasound The team chose this modality as the wavelength of electromagnetic waves is too large to function with such a tiny device, whereas the wavelength for ultrasound is much smaller at a given frequency Ultrasonic waves generating cavitation disrupt cell walls and facilitate the release of matrix components. Mass Transfer. In general, ultrasound can lead to a permeabilization of cell membranes to ions (Mummery 1978), and it can reduce the selectivity of the cell membranes significantly. The mechanical activity of the ultrasound supports the.

Ultrasonic nondestructive testing, also known as ultrasonic NDT or simply UT, is a method of characterizing the thickness or internal structure of a test piece through the use of high frequency sound waves. The frequencies, or pitch, used for ultrasonic testing are many times higher than the limit of human hearing, most commonly in the range. SONAR uses or applications | Uses of SONAR. This page covers applications or uses of SONAR. The SONAR term stands for SOund Navigation And Ranging. SONAR uses include under water research, locating sub-marines, medical field, detecting small objects etc. What is SONAR? Introduction: • It is a system used for under water study Recent advances in power electronics greatly benefit the multidisciplinary field of modern ultrasonics. More powerful, compact, and versatile electronic chips and software enable new computer-based devices for real-time data capture, storage, analysis, and display and advance the science and technology employed in commercial systems and applications of ultrasound. Reviewing the scientific.

Ultrasonic Transducers Used in Medical Applications - APC

  1. field of ultrasound medical diagnostic imaging, new ultrasound biomedical applications are now emerging, such as ultrasound neuromodulation [1-6] and ultrasonic power delivery and communication for medical implants [7-14]. These applications benefit from the attractive properties of ultrasoun
  2. It explains the physical principles of wave propagation and then relates them to ultrasonic wave mechanics and the more recent guided wave techniques that are used to inspect and evaluate aircraft, power plants, and pipelines in chemical processing plants. Among topics covered are wave propagation in plates, rods, hollow cylinders, and multiple.
  3. A fetus at 4 months seen via ultrasound. (Image credit: CDC) Ultrasound imaging, or sonography, is the use of high-frequency sound waves to visualize soft tissues such as internal organs. The.
  4. The frequency used in medical ultrasound imaging is generally 2 to 15 megahertz (MHz). The range for most superficial musculoskeletal applications is at the higher end of this, generally 8 to 15 MHz. The frequency of the emitted sound wave is controlled by the design of the transducer ( Figure 2.1 )
  5. Summary. Article Name. 12 Ultrasonic Sensor Applications. Description. Ultrasonic sensors can be used in a variety of applications. Liquid Level Control/Monitoring, Trash Level Monitoring, and Production Lines. Find out how and why ultrasonic sensors should be in your project. Author. Kristin Gross
  6. Applications of Ultrasonic Welding : 1. Ultrasonic welding is used mainly for bonding small workpieces in electronics, manufacturing communication devices, medical tools and watches. 2. It is used in automotive, medical and toy production. 3. It is used in health care industries due to clean welds. 4
  7. Medical imaging for the detection of cysts and cancer cells are done using sonar and this method is known as sonogram. It is used for the detection of enemy vessels and torpedo by the military. Sonar also finds application in inspecting pipelines that carry oil and gas for detecting possible damages

about 20 KHz. The frequency range of ultrasound for medical applications is usually between 1 MHz and 20 MHz. rJ Generation and Detection of Ultrasound There are several types of devices that can be used to generate and detect ul­ trasonic waves. The most common type of transducer used in medical ultrasoun A magnetic field (MF) is a magnetic force that extends out from a magnet and can be either static or dynamic. These MFs are produced by electric currents and specifically as a result of electron movement in 1 (DC) or 2 (AC) directions. In AC current, the electricity is moving back and forth and, as a result, produces a dynamic magnetic field Medical physics is the application of physics principles to medicine or health care. It's basically a way of using our physics knowledge to develop tools and treatments that help humans live. Ultrasonic Flaw Detection - Theory, Practice and Applications. Flaw detection is the most commonly used technique among all the applications of industrial ultrasonic testing. Generally, sound waves of high frequency are reflected from flaws and generate clear echo patterns. Portable instruments record and display these echo patterns

Focused ultrasound is used to apply localized radiation force to small volumes of tissue for short durations, with resulting tissue displacements mapped using ultrasonic correlation-based methods. Dr The light we see is a wave, the sound we hear is a wave, every musical instruments works by waves . In fact waves have applications in almost every field of everyday life - from wireless communications to detecting overspeeding vehicles, from the music of guitar to laser - almost every aspect of our everyday life in some way involves wave Ultrasound Imaging In conventional diagnostic ultrasound imaging, a pulse of ultrasound is transmitted into the body from an ultrasound probe. The same probe then detects the reflected ultrasound waves that scatter back from within the tissue, and this data is used to form an image Medical applications of laser 4. 1. Dr. Hossam Eldin Sayed Ali Lecturer of medical Biophysics The Research Institute of Ophthalmology. 2. We can reach high intensities of laser treatment up to 1016 W/cm2 by changing the exposure time and wavelength (λ) of the laser radiation. The 4 types of interactions of the laser beam with tissues. Infrasound refers to acoustic waves with frequencies below 20 Hz - the normal range of human hearing - whereas ultrasound refers to sounds above this range. Infrasound can result from both natural and man-made sources. Natural events such as earthquakes and weather produce infrasound. Furthermore, a number of animals -

Waves: Medical and Industrial Applications by Sarah Vanc

Ultrasound is the most widely used medical imaging method for viewing the fetus during pregnancy. Routine examinations are performed to assess and monitor the health status of the fetus and mother Ultrasound technology is a vital part of health care. It is utilized for a variety of diagnostic purposes, but until recently, all an ultrasound could be used for was viewing the inside of the human body. New advances in this technology have shown great promise in internal medicine applications. Where can ultrasound be applied in internal medicine, and what implications does it have for the. Get an answer for 'What is importance of ultrasound in medical field? In this question I want answer in 500 words.' and find homework help for other Science questions at eNote Sections 3 and 4 describe the application of the PE approach to hyperthermia and medical imaging, respectively. 2. Application to ultrasonics In this section, we summarize the structure of the most efficient PE algorithm that has been developed [6] and show its accuracy and flexibility in a classical ultrasonic configuration 12.2. ULTRASONIC PLANE WAVES 12.2.3. Reflection and Transmission An ultrasound image displays the magnitude (absolute value of amplitude) of ultrasound echoes , so a physical understanding of acoustic wave reflection is valuable for interpreting the images θι angle of incidence θr angle of reflection θt angle of transmission at a planar.

Information for Medical Applications Texas Instruments 2Q 2004 4 Medical Imaging Ultrasound Applications and Featured Products In the high-gain (far field) mode, the limit of performance is the sum of all noise sources in the receive chain. The two largest contributors of receive noise are the transducer/cable assembly and the receive lo A sonogram is the picture that the ultrasound generates. Sonography is the use of an ultrasound tool for diagnostic purposes. Next, a super-quick refresher on how ultrasound technology works in general, courtesy of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Ultrasound is a form of acoustic energy with frequencies higher than the human ear can detect

Applications of Sound in Medicine - EEWe

  1. Sound waves help to normalize imbalances and synchronize the cell's frequency back to its natural healthy state of vibrational resonance. Sound is a medium that is increasingly being used in both alternative and conventional medicine - through the use of both audible and inaudible frequencies. This article looks at studies, technologies, and methods of sound application
  2. ing and curing the sets of the human body. The stringed musical instruments (contain the strings) such as the violin, The lute and The guitar. The sound waves are very important in the pneumatic musical instruments such as the flute or the reed pipe
  3. both X-rays and sound waves are used in medical applications. 1, 2, 4, & 6. Compare two forms of X-ray imaging Radiography Fluoroscopy. the physical breakage of stones by the application of pulsed ultrasound. The radiopharmaceutical must absorb and re-emit a specific radiation within a magnetic field
  4. Marie Muller: Ultrasound waves are high frequency sound waves. Their frequency can range anywhere between 20 kilohertz (kHz) and tens or hundreds of megahertz (MHz). Humans cannot hear sounds above 20 kHz, but dogs can. Bat signals can go up to 200 kHz. Ultrasound is used in medicine as tool for creating images of structures inside the body
  5. Applications of these transducers for use in industry and the medical field have been given with documentary evidence. We have also provided an introduction to a dedicated ultrasonic non-contact analyzer and its applications for characterization of industrial materials and food and pharmaceutical products

Ultrasound Energy Ultrasound Waves Ultrasound Beam, Near Field, Far Field and Beam Non Uniformity Ultrasound Transmission through the Tissues Ultrasound Absorption and Attenuation Pulsed Ultrasound Therapeutic Ultrasound Thermal and Non Thermal Effects Overview Ultrasound Application in relation to Tissue Repair Other Applications It is possible to classify ultrasonic applications in sensor applications and power ultrasound where the energy densities are higher and frequencies range from 20 to 800 kHz. Power ultrasound can be used in medical applications, for example, industrial processes, such as cleaning and bonding or welding, for removing dental plaque and to crush. Ultrasound in Medical Diagnostics. When used for imaging, ultrasonic waves are emitted from a transducer, a crystal exhibiting the piezoelectric effect (the expansion and contraction of a substance when a voltage is applied across it, causing a vibration of the crystal) Ultrasound imaging encompasses a wide range of imaging modes and techniques that utilize the interaction of sound waves with living tissues to produce an image of the tissues or, in the case of Doppler-based modes, determine a velocity of a moving tissue, primarily blood. Ultrasound imaging is a versatile, well-established, and widely used. He transmitted an ultrasound beam through the human skull in attempts of detecting brain tumors. This is still very early in the history of diagnostic medical sonography, but it was clear that this noninvasive technology had tremendous possibility. Ultrasound technology and its application in healthcare have continued to mature

Ultrasound is probably best known from medical diagnostics where it is used to take pictures of unborn babies. In industry, ultrasound is used in a wide range of processes, such as cleaning, welding of plastics and metals, cutting, forming, testing of materials, separating, mixing, de-gassing, atomising, localising, measuring and many others Ultrasound is defined as acoustic waves at frequencies greater than 20 kHz and infrasound as acoustic waves at frequencies below 20 Hz. Ultrasound and infrasound can interact with biological tissues by mechanical and thermal processes. Ultrasound has been widely used in medical practice for at least 50 years. Diagnostic examination Sound waves power new advances in drug delivery and smart materials. Date: November 24, 2020. Source: RMIT University. Summary: Sound waves have been part of science and medicine for decades, but.

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Industrial Applications of Ultrasonic wave

  1. An ultrasound is a type of oscillating sound pressure wave that has a higher frequency than human hearing is able to detect. An ultrasound is not a unique type of sound, therefore, but is.
  2. A practical learning tool for building a solid understanding of biomedical ultrasound. Basics of Biomedical Ultrasound for Engineers is a structured textbook that leads the novice through the field in a clear, step-by-step manner. Based on twenty years of teaching experience, it begins with the most basic definitions of waves, proceeds to ultrasound in fluids and solids, explains the.
  3. Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Motor Technology Working and Applications. Ultrasonic motors were invented in 1965 by V.V Lavrinko. In general we are aware of the fact that the motive force is given by the electromagnetic field in the conventional motors. But, here to provide a motive force, these motors utilize the piezoelectric effect in the.
  4. Ultrasonic waves travel at the speed of sound (343 m/s at 20°C). The distance between the object and the sensor is half of the distance traveled by the sound wave.[iv] The following equation calculates the distance to an object placed in front of an ultrasonic sensor: ­­­­ Applications. Multiple areas of engineering use ultrasonic sensors
  5. Ultrasonic detection introduces high-frequency sound waves into a test object to obtain information about the object without altering or damaging it in any way. Two values are measured in ultrasonic detection. The amount of time, taking for the sound to travel through the medium and amplitude of the received signal
Properties of SoundHadi ESLAMI | Professor (Assistant) | PhD | Cited by 526

The interventional ultrasound program includes the use of ultrasound for therapeutic use, or as an adjunct for enhancement of non-ultrasound therapy applications. Examples include, but are not limited to, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as a non-invasive or minimally invasive interventional surgical or therapy tool, and as an adjunct. Microwaves Energize Medical Applications. Despite a steep learning curve posed by FDA approvals and unique application environments, a growing number of RF and microwave firms are finding success serving medical markets. 1. RF technology can be used in medical applications ranging from external heat treatment and electro-surgical tools to. The study of neurons is fundamental for basic neuroscience research and treatment of neurological disorders. In recent years ultrasound has been increasingly recognized as a viable method to stimulate neurons. However, traditional ultrasound transducers are limited in the scope of their application by self-heating effects, limited frequency range and cavitation effects during neuromodulation It is the science of sound (acoustics) that measures and controls sound waves. Ultrasonics is simply the application of sound waves to the cleaning process. Morantz Ultrasonic Cleaning Systems use the unique properties of sound waves to make cleaning with sound possible. Morantz Ultrasonics controls the sound and focuses it on dirty and. The velocity of the ultrasound wave can be generally changed by water temperature variation. Therefore, as shown in Figure 3(b), we used a temperature controller (MZ4M, Autonics, Busan, South Korea) to maintain the water temperature at 36.5°C because medical ultrasound transducers are typically utilized to monitor the human body.The pump (PM-150PM, Wilo, Dortmund, Germany) in the temperature. Medical ultrasound is based on the use of high-frequency sound to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. Ultrasound frequencies range from 2 to approximately 15 MHz, although even higher frequencies may be used in some situations. The ultrasound beam originates from mechanical oscillations of numerous crystals in a transducer, which is excited by electrical pulses (piezoelectric effect)